Following Uri terror attack on Sunday, India planning diplomatic attack against Pakistan. In process to collect possible counter actions against Pakistan, India can consider to rethink over Indus Water Treaty with Pakistan which was signed in 1960.
During media interaction on Thursday Foreign Ministry spokesperson Mr. Vikas Swarup said, “I am sure you are aware that there are differences between India and Pakistan on the implementation of the Indus Waters Treaty.But this is an issue which is being addressed bilaterally. But let me make a basic point. Eventually any cooperative arrangement requires goodwill and mutual trust on both sides.”
He added further, “For any such treaty to work, it is important there must be mutual trust and cooperation. It can’t be a one-sided affair.”
Indus Water Treaty :
The Indus Water Treaty is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan, brokered by the World Bank on September 19, 1960.It was signed by then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.
According Indus Water Treaty, rivers were divided into two geological parts, ‘Eastern’ and ‘Western’. Control over the three eastern rivers the Beas, Ravi and Sutlej was given to India and the three western rivers the Indus, Chenab and Jhelum to Pakistan.
As per the provisions in the treaty, India can use only 20% of the total water carried by the Indus river for irrigation, transport and power generation.
Pakistan is highly dependent on water supply of rivers for its agriculture. Agriculture has major impact on GDP of Pakistan. Indus Water Treaty is lifeline for Pakistan’s water supply. India can make strong diplomatic impact on Pakistan by Cutting off Indus water to Pakistan.